Lesson 6: 5 tricks with VBScript|
Lesson 6: 5 tricks with VBScript
Collection of 5 useful VBScript tricks.
1. Detect the IP address of your visitors!
Get the IP address of your visitor by running:
E.g. your IP address is: 18.104.22.168
Useful? Not always, but sometimes you know whom the owner of the IP address
is. And then you can display a different page, or maybe a greeting, when that person
2. Detect the browser!
This is a bit complicated. You see you can't get the
browser name directly, but all browsers sends out an
ID string. And from that string you can decide which browser
it is. To get this ID string run Request.ServerVariables("HTTP_USER_AGENT")
Your browser is sending out this ID string: CCBot/2.0
There is a file with all the ID strings listed, and it's called BROWSCAP.INI.
Since new browsers pop out faster than ASP errors, you must remember to update your script
once in a while. This ID string does not only giving away the users browser, but
also the OS (e.g. win95), version and language. Take a look at this little collection
of ID strings:
|Mozilla/4.08 [en] (Win95; I ;Nav)||Netscape Navigator||4.08||Win95||English
|Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 4.01; Windows 95;)||Internet Explorer||4.01||Win95||-
|Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.0; Windows 98;)||Internet Explorer||5.0||Win98||-
3. Save time with include files!
Often you got a heading on every page of your site.
Maybe it contains a logo, a menubar, or something completely different.
But what if you find out that you made a typo, and that you have done
the same mistake on every page (cut'n paste is fast way of doing things,
including mistakes). Then you fire up a texteditor and manually change
every page (all 345 of them). The solution is include files.
It's an incredibly useful feature that lets you add the content of
a file into other files. Take a look at this example:
File1: The header file. head.asp
<A HREF="content.asp">First page</A>
<A HREF="links.asp">My links</A>
<A HREF="friends.asp">My friends</A>
File2: The content file. Content.asp
<B><CENTER>This is the first page</CENTER></B>
<CENTER>Click the links above</CENTER>
Now click here to view Content.asp (file2)
As you see, the code in page1 is merged into page2.
And there are no frames here. You can make a zillion different content
pages, sharing the same header file. When the header file is updated,
so is every content page. Smart or what?
People tend to do 2 mistakes with include file, the first is the difference between:
When you use the key word VIRTUAL you say to ASP that
the file you want to include is located in the root dir of your web server, if you
use the FILE key word you tell ASP that the file to include
is located in the same directory as the ASP file you have the include statement in.
The second mistake is this:
'THIS SCRIPT WILL NOT WORK!
FileName = "banner.asp"
So why doesn't this work? The problem is that include files is included
to each ASP file before the ASP is run.
4. Hide your errors!
Face it, you're not Superman, bugs do occur in your script.
You just can't plan for every possible occasion. And what
is more embarrassing than a big fat error message where
your webpage should have been? Use the ON ERROR RESUME NEXT
command to force the script to continue with the next statement when it encounters
an error. It does nothing to fix the error, but hopefully it will output a decent
5. Make subroutines!
If you execute the same group of statements more than one time
in your script, consider using a subroutine. A subroutine is
a batch of statements that is run every time you call it.
The subroutine says hi!<BR>
Welcome to my page.<BR>
Click here to see the result.
Hope this could inspire you a bit!
Where to go next:
Take a look at our lessons page
to get an overview of all our lessons.